Grand Jury

The grand jury process is uniform across different jurisdictions.

The following links provide Business Process Flow Diagrams for the Grand Jury Business Function:

Primary Flow
Grand Jury-Primary (png)
Grand Jury-Primary (bpm)

The sample process flow diagram was developed in standard Business Process Model and Notation using the Windows-based Bizagi Modeler tool and can be modified to represent the specific process in your jurisdiction. To download a free copy of the Bizagi Modeler tool, go to bizagi.com.

Primary Flow Description
  •  
Law Enforcement submits a charging referral to Prosecution.
  •  
Prosecution decides to seek an indictment.
  •  
Grand Jury review occurs.
  •  
Grand Jury decides not to indict.
 
  •  
If Prosecution decides to provide a direct referral, the Referral process starts. 
  •  
If Prosecution decides not to provide a direct referral, Prosecution submits a dismissal or no bill to the Court. 
  •  
Court reviews dismissal and submits dismissal or no bill to the Repository. 
  •  
Repository records the dismissal or no bill. 
  •  
Grand Jury decides to indict.
  •  
Grand Jury submits the indictment to the Court.
  •  
Court accepts and files the indictment.
  •  
Court Issues a warrant.


The following table summarizes the responsibilities of each actor depicted in the business process flow:

Actor Responsibilities

Law Enforcement

  •  
Submits a charging document to Prosecution

Prosecution

  •  
Decides to seek an indictment 
  •  
If Grand Jury does not indict, decides to provide a direct referral and the Referral process starts, or
  •  
If Grand Jury decides not to indict, decides not to provide a direct referral and submits a dismissal or no bill to the Court
Grand Jury
  •  
Reviews the indictment 
  •  
Decides not to indict, or 
  •  
Decides to indict and submits indictment to the Court

Court

  •  
Reviews dismissal and submits dismissal or no bill to the repository, or
  •  
Accepts and files the Grand Jury indictment and issues a warrant