Effective information sharing is central to effective warrant management since critical information must cross organizational boundaries. As the principle actors in the warrant process, courts and law enforcement must share warrant data in a timely and accurate manner. The most effective way to share information is by adopting a common set of standards.

Global Justice Information Sharing Initiative (Global)

The purpose of Global standards is to make certain justice information exchanges timely, accurate, complete, accessible, and secure. The justice community has adopted the following Global standards.

Global Reference Architecture (GRA) Explains how data is exchanged using Service Oriented Architecture.
Global Information Sharing Toolkit (GIST) Provides approved Global standards and related resources.
Global Federated Identification and Privilege Management Allows a user's roles, rights, and privileges to be communicated securely in the justice community and, in particular, to those who hold the information required to effectively safeguard our nation.
Global Privacy Framework  Supports justice agency efforts to implement privacy, civil rights, and civil liberties policies and protections for the information they collect, store, maintain, access, share, and disseminate.
Global Service Specification Packages (SSPs) Helps programmers to implement web services to support electronic warrant processes.

The National Center for State Courts offers free online training on the Global Reference Architecture. For more information or to begin the course, go to

For more information about Global Justice Information Sharing Initiatives, go to

National Information Exchange Mode (NIEM)

NIEM is a community-driven standards-based approach to exchanging information and is one of the data exchange components of Global. The organizations that make up Global support and participate in the work of NIEM.